Although investor concerns over the Brexit decision are starting to ease, the shock result has led to major re-pricing of financial assets and set in train a likely new round of global monetary easing. This note assesses likely investment opportunities in a post-Brexit world.
Pre-emptive Monetary Easing Favours Defensive Income
With global inflation still too low for comfort, many central banks appear poised to respond to post-Brexit global uncertainty by easing policy even further then previously expected. As the central bank most affected, the Bank of England seems certain to cut official rates from 0.5% p.a. to at least 0.25% p.a. as early as this week, with a decline to zero likely by year-end. Next in the firing line is the European Central Bank, which is likely to announce another round of quantitative easing within coming months.
Although the direct economic effect of the Brexit decision will be more limited in countries such as the United States, Japan and Australia – their central banks are also likely to respond to untoward strength in their currencies arising from capital flight from Europe. Indeed, further easing seems likely in both Japan and Australia, while the Federal Reserve appears to have delayed any further rate rise until late this year at the earliest.
As a result of these expected policy moves, sovereign bond yields have declined further from already quite low levels. US 10-year bond yields have dropped from around 1.7% p.a. just prior to the Brexit decision to a recent low of 1.33% p.a. Australian 10-year bond yields dropped to a historic low below 2% p.a.
Assuming overall global growth holds up reasonably well, therefore, the decline in bond yields in response to pre-emptive monetary policy easing is likely to keep equity market valuations higher for longer. The MSCI All-Country World index price-to-forward earnings ratio ended June at 13.4 – broadly in line with its average since the peak in markets earlier last year, and compared to a longer-run average of 12. Against US 10-year bond yields, however, the equity valuations arguably remain on the cheaper side of fair-value, with the forward earnings yield to bond yield gap ending June at 6% p.a, compared with a longer-run average of 5% p.a
US Dollar Could Shine Once Again
Treat UK/European Equities with caution
The Brexit decision introduces yet another risk factor into the already challenged European investment landscape. The UK presently accounts for 15% of the EU economy, and the former will likely face a recession over the coming year due to an understandable rise in business uncertainty. The Brexit vote may also heighten investor concerns with other lingering vulnerabilities in the EU, such as the debt and growth problems in countries such as Spain, Italy and Greece.
Given the new risks posed on Europe, the Brexit decision suggests European stocks may well under perform global peers, and especially on an unhedged basis due to potential further weakness in the Euro. And to the extent some European equity exposure is desired, the particular challenges facing the UK economy suggests an underweight exposure to British stocks.
All up, in terms of global equity markets, the uncertainties posed by the Brexit decision appear to favour unhedged exposure to the US and Japanese equity markets, such as through QUS and HJPN. A US equity exposure with a tilt toward higher income returns is also available through UMAX.
Those seeking some exposure to Europe, moreover, might consider currency hedged exposure, and via a regional equity index that excludes the United Kingdom. That’s possible through the BetaShares WisdomTree Europe ETF – Currency Hedged (ASX Code: HEUR).