Currency exchange-traded funds (or ETFs) are for investors interested in gaining exposure to the performance of a particular foreign currency relative to the Australian dollar. They enable investors to gain exposure to the performance of a foreign currency in a single trade via the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX).
What are currency ETFs?
ETFs are investment funds, similar in structure to traditional managed funds, but can be bought and sold like shares on a stock exchange during trading hours.
ETFs generally aim to closely track the performance of an index or asset class and are built to be liquid, transparent and cost-efficient tools for an investor’s portfolio.
Investing in currency exposure is flexible and convenient with ETFs.
Currency ETFs aim to track the change in price of foreign currency relative to the Australia dollar, before expenses and fees.
For example, the BetaShares U.S. Dollar ETF (ASX: USD) aims to track the change in value of the U.S. dollar (US$) relative to the Australian dollar (A$), (before fees and expenses). So, if the US$ goes up 10% against the A$ (i.e. the A$ falls in value), the ETF is designed to go up in value by 10% too (before fees and expenses). Conversely, the ETF can be expected to go down in value if the US$ falls relative to the A$.
How to trade foreign currency with ETFs
Before currency ETFs were available, investing in currency was generally difficult for Australian investors because of the barriers to access the foreign exchange (FX) market to trade foreign currency.
An ETF provides investors with a more convenient and cost-effective way to gain exposure to foreign currency performance at rates that would otherwise only be available to the largest wholesale investors.
Currency ETFs can be bought and sold on the ASX during trading hours like shares, without the need to use complicated foreign currency trading platforms, trade CFDs or to open a foreign currency bank account.
Costs of investing in a currency ETF typically include a low management fee, as well as potential transaction costs and brokerage (just like when you trade any share on the ASX). For most investors, this will be much cheaper than alternative ways to get exposure to a foreign currency, such as using as a foreign bank account.
How do currency ETFs work?
Currency ETFs may provide exposure to the performance of a foreign currency by investing in cash/currency deposits, foreign exchange derivative contracts or short-term debt denominated in a currency.
In the case of BetaShares Currency ETFs, the assets of each ETF are invested in bank deposit accounts denominated in the relevant foreign currency.
Any interest earned on the deposits accrues to the benefit of the ETF and will be distributed to investors (if such interest exceeds the fees and expenses of the ETF).
BetaShares Currency ETF deposit accounts are primarily held with JP Morgan Chase Bank.
What are the advantages of investing in currency via BetaShares Currency ETFs?
- Accessible – gain exposure to the performance of foreign currency as easily as buying any share on the ASX
- Convenient – avoid the cost and complexity associated with accessing the FX markets through currency trading platforms, CFDs, currency brokers or opening a foreign currency bank account
- Flexible – can be used to implement a range of investment strategies
- Low cost – costs expected to be significantly lower than buying foreign currency directly from a bank or other financial institution for most investors
- Simple and secure structure – BetaShares currency ETFs hold actual foreign currency in bank deposit accounts
- Liquid – the ETFs trade on ASX during trading hours
- Transparent – the value of each ETF’s assets (including the wholesale FX rate used to value the foreign currency) is available daily on the BetaShares website
- Eligible for SMSFs – currency ETFs can be held by SMSFs (self-managed super funds)
What are the risks of currency ETFs?
The value of foreign currency has tended to fluctuate widely over the past several years relative to the Australian dollar.
Currency movements are largely predisposed to ongoing economic, macro or political events – outside the realm of other asset classes such as shares or cash and fixed income.
Interest rates from central banks, slow global economic conditions or an unstable political move are amongst the factors that would influence exchange rates.
There are other risks that apply. Investors should refer to the relevant ETF’s product disclosure statement for further information.
Why invest in currency ETFs?
Currency ETFs can be used to implement a number of different investing strategies:
1. Seek to profit if the Australian dollar falls in value against a foreign currency
As an example (being a hypothetical example provided for illustrative purposes only), let’s assume that, on 1 January, the AUD/GBP is at GBP0.67.
Mary decides to purchase A$15,000 worth of units in the BetaShares British Pound ETF (ASX: POU), in the expectation of a fall in the value of the Australian dollar.
Six months later, if the Australian dollar has indeed fallen to GB0.50, Mary could sell her units in the ETF and realise a profit of A$5,000 (example does not include the effect of ETF fees and expenses).
Conversely, if the Australian dollar had appreciated against the GBP over the same period, Mary would have made a loss if she had sold her units at the end of the period.
2. Hedge against currency risk
Individual investors or businesses that are exposed to foreign currency risk can use currency ETFs to hedge against fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
Read more about currency hedging with ETFs here.
3. Diversify a portfolio
Currencies historically have shown a low correlation to equities, fixed income and most other asset classes, so could offer diversification benefits by helping to reduce the volatility of an investment portfolio.
Read more about how to diversify your portfolio here.
4. To seek to buffer an investor’s exposure to resources
Many Australian investors are naturally heavily exposed to the resources industry, either through direct shareholdings or the holdings of their managed funds.
Historically, the USD/AUD exchange rate has tended to move inversely with the resources index¹, so an investment in the BetaShares U.S. Dollar ETF (ASX: USD) could potentially act as a hedge against existing resources exposures in investor portfolios.
Investing in currency with BetaShares Currency ETFs
|USD||BetaShares U.S Dollar ETF - A simple, low-cost way to access the performance of the U.S. dollar relative to the Australian dollar (before fees and expenses).||Download|
|POU||BetaShares British Pound ETF - A simple, low-cost way to access the performance of the British pound relative to the Australian dollar (before fees and expenses).||Download|
|EEU||BetaShares Euro ETF - A simple, low-cost way to access the performance of the Euro relative to the Australian dollar (before fees and expenses).||Download|
|AUDS||BetaShares Strong Australian Dollar Fund (hedge fund) - A simple and convenient way to gain geared exposure to the value of the Australian dollar relative to the U.S. dollar (before fees and expenses)*.||Download|
|YANK||BetaShares Strong U.S. Dollar Fund (hedge fund) – A simple and convenient way to gain geared exposure to the value of U.S. dollar relative to the Australian dollar (before fees and expenses)*.||Download|
*Gearing magnifies gains and losses, involves significantly higher risk than non-geared investments and is not a suitable strategy for all investors.
Investment risks include:
• foreign exchange rate risk, variability of interest rates on the Fund’s bank deposits, credit risk generally associated with bank deposits and concentration risk; and
• in relation to AUDS and YANK, gearing risk and currency futures risk.
For more information on risks and other features of each Fund, please see the Product Disclosure Statement, available at www.betashares.com.au.
1. Past performance is not indicative of future performance.